A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is surgically anchored into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge in place. The benefit of using implants is that they don’t rely on neighboring teeth for support and they are permanent and stable. Implants are a good solution to tooth loss because they look and feel like natural teeth.
Components of Dental Implant
Implant material is made from different types of metallic and bone-like ceramic materials that are compatible with body tissue. Are normally composed of 3 components:
- Implant Post : ebeddd in jaw bone
- Abumtment : screwed into dental implant and holds the crown
- Crown : prosthetic tooth
The implant posts function as an artificial tooth root. The implant post is the part of the implant fixture that is embedded in and becomes fused with the jawbone that lies below the gum line. The abutment holds the prosthetic or crowns that is screwed securely in place.
Why Dental implants ?
A dental implant provides several advantages over other tooth replacement options including
- looks and functions like a natural tooth
- a dental implant replaces a single tooth without destroy the health of neighboring teeth. The other common treatment for the loss of a single tooth, a tooth-supported fixed bridge, requires that adjacent teeth be ground down to support the cemented bridge
- Bone is better preserved with dental implants because a dental implant replace your tooth root. With a bridge, some of the bone that previously surrounded the tooth begins to resorb. Dental implants integrate with your jawbone, helping to keep the bone healthy and intact
- In the long term, a single implant can be more esthetic and easier to keep clean than a bridge. Gums can recede around a bridge, leaving a visible defect when the metal base or collar of the bridge becomes exposed. Resorbed bone beneath the bridge can lead to an unattractive smile. And, the cement holding the bridge in place can wash out, allowing bacteria to decay the teeth that anchor the bridge.